Heavy menstrual bleeding - Symptoms and causes

Heavy menstrual bleeding

Heavy or protracted menstrual bleeding is experienced by certain women. Menorrhagia was the previous name for this illness. One typical worry is heavy menstrual bleeding. However, most women lose insufficient blood for it to be classified as heavy menstrual bleeding.

Menstrual bleeding occurs for some women in between periods, or at unexpected times during their cycles. This kind of bleeding is referred to as irregular menstrual bleeding or abnormal uterine bleeding.

It is more difficult to perform daily tasks while you are experiencing severe menstrual bleeding, cramps, and blood flow. Consult your doctor if you suffer from severe menstrual bleeding and look forward to your period every month. There are numerous helpful treatments available.

Symptoms of heavy menstrual

Symptoms of heavy menstrual bleeding include:

  • leaking through a tampon or sanitary pad every hour for a few hours at a time.
  • If you need double sanitary protection to control your menstrual flow.
  • waking up late at night to change tampons or sanitary pads.
  • Bleeding for more than a week.
  • Passing blood clots larger than a quarter.
  • Limiting everyday activities due to heavy menstrual flow.
  • If you are feeling exhausted, tired, or short of breath.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Periods lasting longer than seven days.

What causes heavy menstrual bleeding?

Heavy menstrual bleeding can be due to ranging from hormone-related issues to various medical conditions and even stress.

Hormone imbalances

Your body produces hormones like estrogen and progesterone that help you to regulate your menstrual cycle, including how heavy your periods are.causes of heavy periods include 

  • Thyroid disease.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
  • Anovulation.

Diagnosis and Tests

How is heavy menstrual bleeding diagnosed?

 Your healthcare provider may ask some of the questions about your medical history or about your menstrual cycle to diagnose heavy menstrual bleeding.

Your healthcare provider may ask about:

  • What was your age when you got your first period?
  • How many days does your period last?
  • How long is your period?
  • Your pregnancy history
  • Current medications you're taking, including over-the-counter ones.
  • Procedures used to treat heavy period bleeding

Heavy menstrual bleeding is frequently diagnosed and treated by hysteroscopy. During an operational hysteroscopy, your doctor will examine your uterus by inserting a tiny, lighted tube into your vagina. In addition to serving as a precise surgical tool, the hysteroscope can assist your healthcare practitioner in excising any growths that might be the source of your bleeding.

Other procedures include:

  • Myomectomy. is a procedure that helps in removing fibroids from your uterus.
  • Uterine artery embolization (UAE). is a procedure that restricts the blood flow from fibroids and tumors.
  • Endometrial ablation is a procedure that destroys all or part of the lining of your uterus. Often, your provider will recommend sterilization afterward. Endometrial ablation puts your fetus at risk of serious complications if you become pregnant.
  • Hysterectomy is a Surgery in which surgeons will remove your uterus and prevent you from having periods or getting pregnant.